Introduction to botany  © punam kumar

 

CHAPTER 14:
Fungi structure and reproduction

Introduction

Section "A"

The fungi are a group of eukaryotic, non-vascular organism. Which are of diverse forms, sizes, physiology and reproduces both by sexual (meiotic) and asexual (mitotic) spores. Examples of fungi :-Mushrooms, yeasts, molds, Penicillium- the first of the wonder drugs, penicillin, was isolated from this fungus and crop parasites.Fungi are most often associated with the roots of some plant species, and this type of symbiotic associations is known as mycorrhizae.

The study of fungi is known as mycology (Mykes = mushroom + logos = discourse) or mycetology and who study about fungus is known as mycologist.

General characteristics of Fungi